An emphasis on expanding geographic and topographic knowledge and detail from the 16th to the 18th centuries, was often replaced by a growing interest in the emerging sciences and physical environment in the 19th century. The maps are very useful for local history, allowing almost every feature in the landscape to be shown.
The use of different projections and printing technologies, particularly in the 20th century, allow many other themes, including imperialism, trade, travel, and peace, to be illustrated. They provide good detail of all buildings, streets, railways, industrial premises, parkland, farms, woodland, and rivers.
Read further information about Claudius Ptolemy and the Geography.
View copies of Ptolemy's The Times Survey Atlas of the World (1920) was a landmark folio world atlas, defining the world and its countries in detail for the period after the First World War.
Our new interactive Boundaries viewer allows counties and parishes from the 1950s, and unitary authorities, districts and boroughs from 2017, to be viewed on a range of different map backgrounds.
These estate maps date from the 1750s to the 1840s and show the rural landscape of farms, buildings, fields, woodland, roads, and rivers in great detail.
It included 112 colour maps, all specially compiled for the Atlas over the previous 5 years, and including many thematic maps, as well as political and topographic maps.
Earlier editions of the Times Atlas had been published from 1895, but this was the first Times world atlas with maps prepared by the Edinburgh Geographical Institute of John Bartholomew & Son Ltd.
The set consists of a title sheet and 15 map sheets at a scale of one inch to the mile, and are supplemented with a single-sheet index map at a scale of five miles to the inch.
We have recently added a further 300 estate maps of south-west Scotland, scanned by the Dumfries Archival Mapping Project.